Imam Ali (a.s.) said,"No! I accept your allegianceaccording to theQuran, the sunnah of the Prophet, and my opinion!"This meansthat Imam Ali (a.s.) didn't agree to follow the way of life ofthe twocaliphs.
Thus, we can ask that:1- Does investigating the companions' biographies and way oflifecontradict the Holy Quran? The Holy Quran itself disclosesmany factsand unveils many characters, the following verses areexamples: (1) "Thedwellers of the desert are very hard in unbeliefand hypocrisy, and moredisposed not to know the limits of whatAllah has revealed to HisApostle; and Allah is Knowing, Wise"; (2)"And of the dwellers of thedesert are those who take what theyspend to be a fine, and what theywait (the befalling of) calamitiesto you; on them (will be) the evilcalamity"; (3) "And of the dwellersof the desert are those who believe inAllah and the latter day andtake what they spend to be (means of) thenearness of Allah"; (4)"And as for the foremost, the first of the Muhajirsand the Ansars.
and from among those who are round about you of thedwellers ofthe desert there are hypocrites, and from among the peopleofMedina(also); they are stubborn in hypocrisy; you do not knowthem;We know them; We will chastise them twice, then shall theybe turnedback to a grievous chastisement" [Tawbah:98-100].
In other Quranic verses we see that the names of some ofthecompanions have been mentioned in the Holy Quran.
In theseversesthey have been considered irreligious, like Walid ibn`Uqbah about whomthe Holy Quran has said,"O you who believe! ifan evil-doer comes toyou with a report, look carefully into it, lestyou harm a people inignorance" [al-Hujurat:6].
The narrations ofSunni sources have disclosedthe name of this person whom theQuran is making reference too.
Anarration had been mentioned inthe Sahih of al-Bukhari (the book ofdu`as, a chapter onal-HawdhÃ¶the poolÃ¶) declares the Holy Prophet(s.w.) had said,"I amyour missing baby near the pool.
There, some menwill be liftedunto me, but when I come down to lift them up, they willbescattered around me! At that time, I will say, `O my Lord! theseare mycompanions!' He will answer me saying, `You don't knowwhat they didafter you!'Many traditions have been narrated in The Sunni sources(Sahihal-Bukhari that are having such meaning - a chapter onal-HawdhÃ¶thepoolÃ¶, vol.