The Brotherhood of Islam
A Muslim should pay more attention to his own deeds and try to amend his own mistakes. There is no need to probe and find the faults or mistakes of others.
3. â€œDo not call one another by insulting nicknames.â€ (49:11)
Every Muslim has a good name; call others by their proper name or by a nickname which they use for themselves. But never call names because Allah does not like that one Muslim should insult his own brother-in-faith.
After mentioning these three rights of Muslim over each other, Allah ends the verse with the following statement: â€œAnd those who (commit such sins and) do not ask forgiveness, they are the unjust people.â€
This verse of the Qur'Än makes it clear that even such trivial things â€”making fun of others or calling namesâ€” are so much disliked by Allah that He considers such sins as â€œinjusticeâ€. And He surely does not like the unjust people!
4. â€œO you who believe! Avoid most of the suspicious [thoughts about other Muslims].â€ (49:12)
The reason why Allah wants us to avoid most of the suspicious thoughts about other Muslims has been explained by Allah in the next sentence: â€œSurely suspicion in most cases is a sin.â€ Islam wants you to think positively about your Muslim brother and sister.
5. â€œAnd do not spy [on each other].â€ (49:12)
Spying on your Muslim brother or sister and trying to find their weak points and secrets is not allowed in Islam.
6. â€œNor should some of you backbite others.â€ (49:12)
â€œBackbitingâ€ is known in Arabic as ghibat. Ghibat means talking about the hidden bodily defects or secret inappropriate behaviour of someone behind his/her back.
The reason why ghibat of another Muslim is forbidden in Islam has been explained by Allah in the next sentence of the verse: â€œDoes any one of you like to bite the flesh of his dead brother?! Surely you dislike it.â€
Ghibat is just like biting the dead body of your own brother: he cannot defend himself. Saying bad things about someone in his absence is almost the sameâ€”he is not present to defend himself. In this sense, the term â€œbackbitingâ€ is very close to the meaning of â€œghibatâ€.
The last three sins â€”suspicion, spying and backbitingâ€” are connected to each other. If you avoid the first one, you will be able to stay away from the other two sins. But if you always suspect others, then you will be tempted to spy on them or find bad things about them. If you find out anything negative about others, then you are tempted to gossip about them.
So keep your mind clean and try to think good of your Muslim brethren. These are some ethical rights which Muslims have over each other.