The Brotherhood of Islam
The Prophet found that there was cultural and economic disparity among the AnsÄr and the MuhÄjirin. So with the guidance of Allah, the Prophet announced one day that he was going to establish the bond of brotherhood between the AnsÄr and the MuhÄjirin. He gathered the two groups at the mosque and then started calling out the name of one MuhÄjir and one AnsÄr, and declared them to be brothers of each other. Referring to this bond of brotherhood, Allah says: â€œThose who believed, migrated and fought in the way of Allah [i.e., the MuhÄjirin], and those who gave shelter and helped [i.e., the AnsÄr]â€”they are the true believers, for them is forgiveness and a noble sustenance...â€ (8:75)
Some of the AnsÄr went beyond the call of duty in fulfilling the rights of brotherhood: they divided their entire wealth into two and gave one-half to their immigrant brother-in-faith. Some even specified a substantial portion in their estate to be inherited by their immigrant brother-in-faith. Then Allah revealed the following verse â€œThe blood relatives have more right to each other in the Book of Allahâ€.
This shows that one of the first steps towards building an Islamic community is creating the atmosphere for Islamic brotherhood and fraternity.
An interesting segment of the event of brotherhood is that when the Prophet had joined each Muhajir with an Ansar, â€˜Ali bin Abi TÄlib (a MuhÄjir) was left out. So he came to the Prophet (who was also a MuhÄjir) and complained that he had been left out from the bond of brotherhood between the MuhÄjirin and the AnsÄr. The Prophet said, â€œO â€˜Ali! You are my brother in this world as well as in the hereafter.â€
3. The Moral Rights of Brotherhood
Islamic brotherhood as expressed in the Qur'Än (â€œIndeed the believers are brothersâ€) is not just a fancy idea. It had been implemented by the Prophet in Medina. There are certain rights which the believers have over each other. Allah has described some of those rights immediately after the verse quoted above.
In this lesson, you will learn six of those rights from the Qur'Än: â€œO you who believe!
1. â€œNo people should laugh at, or make fun of, another people.â€
You might laugh at others because of what you seeâ€”their appearance, dress or way of living. But you do not know anything about their hearts and minds. Their faces and dresses might look funny to you, but inside they may be better than you. Therefore, do not make fun of other people â€œbecause those who are being laughed at may be better, in Allah's view, than those who laugh.â€ (49:11)
2. â€œDo not find fault with your own Muslim brothers.â€ (49:11)