Current Legal Issues
- (Q.11) Is it permissible for a Muslim to cook unslaughtered meat, noting that he has
nothing to do with selling or serving it? What is the ruling on serving najis
(un-slaughtered) food or delivering it to non-Muslims? Is there a difference between pig
meat and other kinds of meat?
- There is no objection to cooking unslaughtered meat or serving it to those who believe
that consuming it be lawful (according to their doctrines). Selling it is problematic;
however, there is no objection to receiving money in exchange for tanazul (forgoing
one's right) or by way of Istinqath (recovery of money from the unbelievers).
- (Q.12) Is it permissible for a Muslim to work in restaurants that serve pig meat or
alcoholic drink? If it is not permissible does the ruling extend to washing cutlery and
- Serving alcoholic drink to the others is haraam, even though it might be all right for
them to consume it. The same goes for washing cutlery, if it was used for drinking
As for serving pig meat to those who have no problem in consuming it (for no apparent
objection of their faith], it could be permissible; selling it, though, is not
permissible, without any shadow of a doubt.
It is batil (unlawful) for a Muslim to pay himself for work that is forbidden to
him; receiving wages for such work is haraam. Of course, there is no harm in
assuming ownership of the money by way of Istinqath.
- (Q.13) [This is a complementary question to the preceding one]. Is it permissible out
of necessity? If necessity is paramount, what are the limits of it?
- Committing a forbidden act driven by necessity, over which you have no control or
through no choice of yours, renders haraam injunctions void and no sin shall be
upon you. However, such an act must be confined to the minimum that might remove the
necessity, for necessities are governed by their magnitude. Nevertheless, for a person to
be driven by a pressing need to serve alcoholic drink in return for money is a mere
assumption, whose realisation is hard to come by, considering that it can hardly happen,
if not only by wilful choice. Allah says, "..and whoever is careful of (his duty
to) Allah, He will make for him an outlet, and give him sustenance whence he thinks
not.." (65/2, 3). He also says, "Surely (as for) those whom the angels
cause to die while they are unjust to their souls, they shall say: In what state were you?
They shall say: We were deemed weak in the earth. They shall say: Was not Allah's earth
spacious, so that you should have migrated therein? So these it is whose abode is hell,
and it is an evil resort, except those who were deemed weak from amongst the men and the
children who have not in their power the means nor can they find a way (to escape)"
- (Q.14) Is it permissible for a Muslim to work in a restaurant that serves
- It could be permissible only when it is served to those who think it lawful [according
to the precepts of their faith]. Rather, without making it known to the consumer, in case
it might affect their choice, which could lead to them abstaining from consuming it.
Otherwise it is not obligatory.
- (Q.15) What is the ruling on wages earned for work in such restaurants? Are they
considered as earnings tainted with illicit money? Could they be licit for the worker in
return for his work that is halal?.
- Wages received by a Muslim from non-Muslims for work, that is lawful to them, is
considered licit earnings, albeit they may have earned such money by means that are not
lawful according to our religion, such as the sale of pig meat and alcoholic drink. Such
wages are not considered tainted money, on which Khums is due.
- (Q.16) Some times a person, who works in a restaurant, serves non-Muslims with
unslaughtered meat and pig meat. You have ruled on the first part of the question before.
What is the ruling on serving pig meat, noting that if he refuses to do the work, he
might, as well, lose his job?
- There is ishkal in serving pig meat even to those who deem it licit, abandoning
it by way of ihtiyat is advisable.
- (Q.17) Is it all right for a Muslim to own [or run] a restaurant, where unslaughtered
meat is served, noting that he is not personally involved in the work and that his role is
confined to supervising and administering the place? On the assumption that it is not
permissible, how can one make good the money earned? What is the position of his
dependants, such as his wife and children insofar as maintenance goes?
- There is no harm in owning such a restaurant, only when serving unslaughtered meat is
done for those who deem it lawful. In the event of serving it to a Muslim, one must inform
him that it is not halal meat. In so doing he might [positively] affect the consumer's
decision; otherwise it is not obligatory. As for the earnings, making them good is by way
of Istinqath or tanazul. Once it is thus legitimised, it can be so for the
dependants. In case he did not do so, they should assume ownership of what he pays them in
kind [i.e. material things, be they money, provisions and goods]; only then it will be halal
for them. Allah is All Knowing.
- (Q.18) Is it permissible for a Muslim to work in places where alcoholic drinks are
sold or at entertainment places, without being involved in serving alcoholic drinks or
other sinful acts, such as washing dishes and preparing tables, etc.?
- It is not permissible in the places where alcoholic drink is sold. Work in entertainment
places is not recommended on the premise of ihtiyat luzumi (obligatory
- (Q.19) There are many grocery stores where, besides groceries, sandwiches of pork and
other unslaughtered meat are sold. On top of that they also sell lottery tickets. People
working in these stores are required to handle the sandwiches and lottery tickets. All
types of customers come, Muslims as well as non-Muslims, where it is difficult to
distinguish one from the other. Is it permissible to work in such stores?
- It is not permissible to sell pig meat even to non-Muslims. It is not permissible too,
by way of ihtiyat, to sell unslaughtered meat, even to those who deem it licit. The
same ruling goes for the sale of lottery tickets - it is not permissible.
- (Q.20) Lottery is a well-known chance game in the States. Is it permissible for a
Muslim to sell its tickets through a machine? Could the transaction be based on the
principle of istinqath?
- If he was authorised by the company concerned with its offer and distribution among
non-Muslims, it is permissible. Receipt of the money could be justified on the principle
of istinqath, not by way of vending. He could, also, receive it by way of tanazul,
if he had haqul ikhtisas (prerogative) over it.
- (Q.21) Is it permissible for a Muslim, who owns a hotel, the majority of whose
customers are unbelievers, to serve them with alcoholic drink or unslaughtered meat?
- As explained in an answer to a similar question, it is not permissible insofar as
alcoholic drink is concerned. As regards unslaughtered meat, it is permissible.
- (Q.22) Is it permissible for a Muslim to work in a grocery shop where alcoholic drink
is sold, noting that he is not involved in handling it; he works as a cashier?
- It is permissible for him to receive the money for the other goods, and the money for
alcoholic drink only when the vendor and the buyer are non-Muslims.
- (Q.23) What is the ruling on work in the places where unslaughtered meat is prepared,
where the involvement is in the latter and has nothing to do with selling it?
- It is permissible. There is no harm in receiving wages for such work.
- (Q.24) An electrical engineer, working in Europe, is sometimes called out to repair
loudspeakers and similar instruments. Sometimes he has to go to places where entertainment
takes place. Is it permissible for him to carry out repairs to such equipment and install
new ones? It is noteworthy that if he refused such work it might adversely affect his
work, for customers shall leave him.
- It is permissible.
- (Q.25) Is moving (tanaqul) [commodities], the sale of which is unlawful to
Muslims, in order if it was done through relinquishing (isqat) one's haqul
ikhtisas (prerogative) over it ?
- Yes, Allah is all knowing.
- (Q.26) Is it permissible for a Muslim to buy from shops [or other businesses] owned
by Hindus, if one knew that they help their co-religionists there [in India] against
- It is not permissible if it contributes to making them transgress against Muslims. Allah
is All Knowing
- (Q.27) Is it permissible to buy from [non-Muslim] owners of business, in the
knowledge that they help their co-religionists against Muslims?
- It is not permissible if it leads to bolstering them against Muslims.