LIFE OF IMAM ALI (AS)
From the book "LIFE OF
By Syed Muhammad Raza
A short, short
life of ALI (AS)
of Charity Givers
Hadis (Sayings) of
Prophet regarding ALI (AS)
Holy Prophet has said;"The first thing God created was my Noor" and "I, Ali,
Fatemah, Hassan & Hussain are from one Noor." The
oldest & noblest tribe in the whole of Arabia was Bani Hashim. They were the
descendants of Hazrat Ibrahim through his son Hazrat Ismail. The Arabs respected
& loved them for their generosity, goodness & bravery.
Abdul Muttalib was the chieftain of Bani
Hashim & he was also the guardian of the Kaaba. Among his ten sons, Abdullah
was the father of the Holy Prophet & Abu Talib was the father of
was born in the House of God, the Kaaba, on 13th Rajab, 23 yrs. before
On the death of Abdul
Muttalib, Abu Talib was appointed the guardian of Muhammad & was charged
with the responsibility of bringing him up. Muhammad & Ali grew up in the
same house. The Prophet was considerably older & he looked after &
trained Ali with great Love & Care. The Apostle of Allah said that he &
Ali were two pieces of the same Noor.
The infant Ali passed very happy days in the laps of his mother Fatemah
Bint-e-Asad, father Abu Talib & cousin Muhammad. Under Love, care &
happiness, Ali flowered into a handsome, eloquent, strong & courageous young
boy of 13. At this time Muhammad started preaching Islam. Naturally Ali was the
first to declare his belief in Allah & his Apostle.
the Holy Quran, Prophets & Apostolic Imams are chosen by God & not
elected, selected, nominated or appointed by men.
When under divine instructions the prophet invited
40 Arab chieftains & delivered the message of Islam, he proclaimed Ali his
successor & Caliph.
the Holy Prophet of Islam was returning to Medina after his last pilgrimage to
Mecca in 11 A.H., he, under Divine instructions, stopped at Gadir-e-Khum &
in the midst of 1,24,000 Muslims, he officially & finally proclaimed Ali his
Successor & Caliph.
In Mecca life
for the believers & the Apostle became unbearable, owing to the cruelties
& persecution of the Kafirs; so the Holy Prophet decided to migrate to
On the night of his
departure from Mecca, the Prophet asked Ali to sleep in his place on his bed, so
he could leave for Medina without the Kafirs having any knowledge of his
absence. Though Ali knew that the house was surrendered with 40 armed enemies,
he dauntlessly slept the whole night & said that he had never slept better.
The Holy Prophet reached Medina safely & soon after, Ali joined the Apostle
Ali executed every order, command
& injunction of the Holy Quran & the Apostle, as it should be done &
none was his equal.
- Mehrab main
- Maidan main
- Salwat bar
- Sallu ala
- Khaibar shikan hai,
- ka dar,
- Kis baat ki kami
- Mushkil-Kusha main
idolaters of Mecca would not allow Islam to grow & spread in peace. Abu
Sufiyan, the chieftain of the Oomayya tribe, a bitter enemy of the Holy Prophet
& Islam marched to Medina at the head of 1000 well-armed & trained
fighters with the intention of killing the Apostle of Allah & the
The Holy Prophet
collected his small band of 313 faithful followers. the defence was made up of
ill-equipped fighters, including young boys & old men. Instead of waiting
for the attackers, the prophet decided to meet them at a little distance from
Medina at a place called Badr. The fighting was fast & furious & the
Kafirs were defeated. Ali made a name for himself for his bravery. It was his
sword that routed the enemy.
Next year Abu Sufiyan came again with
10,000 men. the Prophet met him at Ohad with a 1000 believers who were posted at
various strategic places of defence. A few muslims were given specific
instructions not to leave their position, no matter what happened.
The battle began & with the help of
God, the believers inflicted heavy losses on the enemy, who began to flee.
Inspite of the strict instructions of the Holy Prophet, a few Muslims deserted
their post & ran after the enemy to loot.
Khalid-bin-Walid, one of the officers of
Abu-Sufiyan, seeing the position occupied by Muslims undefended, attacked the
Believers. Many believers were killed & a winning fight began to become a
losing one. Ali came to the rescue & beat off the attack.
Hamza, the brave uncle of the Apostle was
killed in action. After Hamza, Ali was the flag bearer of Islam. Ali was the
only commander of the Holy Prophet during his life & no other person was
given the command of the Prophet's armies in the battles in which the Holy
Prophet was himself taking part. The Last Flag bearer of the Prophet was Abbas
son of Ali in Karbala.
battle of Khandak took place because Abu Sufiyan collected many infidel tribes
against the Prophet & invaded Medina. To make Medina safe the Prophet
ordered a trench (Khandak) to be dug around a part of the city & therefore
this battle is called the battle of Khandak.In this battle the enemy warrior
Amar challenged the muslims to single combat. All the companions of the Prophet
were present, yet none stirred except ALI. But Muhammad restrained him. The
challenge was repeated for the second time, even then noone moved to accept it
but Ali. Again the Apostle stopped him. When they were challenged for the third
time & again there was a silence from all & again Ali offered to face
Amar, the prophet gave him the permission. The Lion of God jumped out of the
Khandak & accepted the challenge. The Holy Prophet of Islam
"Total Iman (Faith) is now going
to fight total Kufer (Disvelief) & one stroke of Ali's sword is better
than all the prayers & worship of those in heaven &
Ali with one stroke of the Zulfikar, killed
Amar. In the general encounter the enemy was defeated too.
Jews of Khaibar went back on their agreement with the Prophet& started
harassing & killing the muslims.
An army led by the Apostle surrounded the fortresses of Khaibar. Ali was
at Medina because of pain in his eyes. For many day the muslims attacked the
fort but were unsuccessful. After some days the Holy Prophet
"Tomorrow, I will give the flag
to one who will not run away. He will attack repeatedly & Allad will
crown him with victory. Allah & the Apostle are his friends & he
is their friend."|
Next morning soon after prayers, a horseman
came galloping, a cloud of dust flying behind him. It was ALI & when he
dismounted, Mohammad asked him about his eyes. When Ali said that they were
still paining, the Prophet applied his saliva. The pain vainshed & Ali said
that his vision had never better.
Muhammad gave the Flag of Islam to Ali & prayed for him. Ali
dauntlessly marched to the fort. Murhab, the brave enemy worrior, came out to
meet Ali in single combat. According to the Arab custom, Murhab talked of his
deeds of bravery & said that his mother called him Murhab (Frightful) Ali
retorted that his mother called him Hayder (Furious Lion).
Ali Cut Murhab into two pieces & the
fort of Khaiber was conquered by Yadullah (ALI).
Houdaibiya, Ali was asked by the Holy Prophet to draft & write the peace
On the occasion of
Mobahila with Christians of Najaran, the Holy Prophet asked Ali to give them the
terms of settlement.
the founder of the land revenue system which protected the rights of the tillers
of the soil. He gave the world this system, for it was unknown
Ali is the father of
the Arabic Grammer. He gave the language its grammer.
Sura-e-Barat had to be recited to the people of
Mecca. Abu Baker offered to do so & started on his way. The angel jibraeel
came with a message of God asking the Prophet to recall Abu Baker & to go
himself or to send a person like him. As the Holy Prophet could not go he
decided to send Ali, & Ali represented the Holy Prophet to carry this Sura
Ali was returning from a journey with a string of camels fully laden with goods.
On the way a beggar asked for a piece of bread. Ali ordered his beloved slave
Qambar to give some bread to the beggar. Qambar started searching for bread.
After a few moments Ali asked about the delay. Qambar said, "I am looking for
the bread." Ali said, "Give the bagger the camel which carries the food." After
a while Ali again inquired about the delay. Qambar replied, "I am searching for
the camel carrying the food." "Give the whole caravan", Ali
jumped off from the camel & handed the reins of the whole caravan to the
at the agility of Qambar & asked him, "Why did you jump so quickly &
hand over the reins in such a haste?" Qambar replied, Master, you are in such a
mood that on account of a little delay, you gave away the whole caravan. I was
afraid if there was some more delay, you might give me away also with the
caravan. You will get a thousand slaves like me, but where will I get a master
Once, after a day's hard work, Ali was sitting under
a tree & eating his barley bread & salt. A passing beggar asked him for
food. Ali readily offered to share what he was eating & gave the beggar a
piece of bread. The old beggar found it difficult to chew & complained that
the bread was too hard. Ali informed the beggar that he would get good hot food
if he cared to go to Imam Hasan's house.
When the beggar arrived at the given address, he
found that a banquet was spread out & people were eating. Imam Hassan
invited the beggar to join them. He started eating & after a while he would
eat one mouthful & put one mouthful in his bowl. Seeing this, Imam Hasan
said, "Why are you putting food in your bowl? Have your fill & then you can
take some more with you." The beggar replied, "I am collecting some good food
for a man, who is eating dry barley bread & salt."
Imam Hasan smiled & said, "That man is Maula Ali
& this house is his house."
Under Divine instruction, the Apostle of Allah married his beloved
daughter Fatemah to Ali.
Among their children children, Imam Hasan, Imam Hussain, Hazrat bibi
Zainab & Hazrat bibi Ume Kulsum have left their marks on the history of the
world. By Imam's other wife, Ummul Banin, Allah gave him Hazrat Abbas who was so
handsome that he was fondly called Qamer-e-Bani Hasham & he personified
loyalty & bravery in the battle field of Karbala.
last days of the month of Safar, the Prophet of Islam was very ill. The Sahabas
saw that the Apostle would soon pass away.
The Arab quickly collected in the Sakifa & the
gathering appointed Abu Baker as the Caliph in 11 A.D. Bani Hashim & the
believers could not join the meetings at the Sakifa, as they would not leave
their ailing Prophet, who passed away on 28th Safar 11 A.H. Whilst the meetings
were going on the Bani Hashim & the believers had to perform their sacred
duty of burying the Apostle of Allah.
The reason for this astounding happening was the
desire to rule the state. In course of about 80 battles, there was not a tribe
or family whose members were not killed by Ali in Jihad, though Allah & His
Apostle had chosen Ali as the successor & Caliph.
When Abu Baker became a caliph he said that now he
was charged with the cares of the Government, though he was not the best among
them. As death approached him, he nominated Omer as his successor & caliph
in 13 A.H.
For about 10
yrs., Omer was the Caliph & before his death a committee of six, selected
Osman of the tribe of Bani Omayya as the third caliph in 23 A.H. Osman was
killed in 35 A.H. as a result of intrigue by Merwan, his chief minister &
From Bani Omayya's
tribe, Muawyya, the son of Abu Sufian, was appointed the Governor of Syria &
he was responsible for the murders of Ali & Imam Hasan. Muawyya's son yazid
butchered Imam Hussain, the grandson of the Holy Prophet at
Among sufferings & chaos, the Muslims
clamoured to elect Ali as the successor of the Holy Prophet & Caliph of
Looking to the
condition of the society, how everyone was running after the world, Ali at first
refused to accept the responsiblity of the state, but on the third day he atlast
agreed to take up the charge & to accept their oath of allegiance as a
Following in the
footsteps of the Holy Prophet, Ali established the Islamic tolerance &
justice, brotherhood & goodness. He re-lit the torch of Islamic learning
sermons & lectures given from the Mimber of Masjid-e-Kufa & on other
occasions, have been published in a book called the Nahj-ul-Balagha & are
In his rule,
Ali had to make three more Jihads in the battle of JAMAL, NEHRWAN & SIFFIEN
against the hypocrites, who rebelled & revolted against the commands of the
Holy Quran & the Prophet of Allah.
effort to establish the Kingdom of God on earth was cut short by the assassin's
Ibne-Muljim, the tool
of Muawyya, murdered Ali while he was saying his morning prayers & the
Sher-e-Khuda was crowned with Shahadat (martyrdom) on 21st Ramzan 40 A.H. &
was buried in Najaf.
the house of God, the Kaaba, & killed in the House of God, Masjid-e-Kufa,
the Lion of God, the Lion-hearted & gentlest Muslim that ever lived, began
his glorious life with devotion to Allah & his Apostle & ended it in the
service of Islam.
- "And do not speak of those who are slain in Allah's
way as dead; nay (they are) alive, but you do not
the Apostle led his army to Tabuk, he left Ali incharge of Medina as his Deputy,
Vice-regent & Caliph. On this occasion the Apostle said,
" ALI'S POSITION WITH ME IS THE SAME AS
HAROON'S WAS WITH MUSA, WITH ONLY THIS DIFFERENCE THAT THERE WILL BE NO PROPHET
AFTER ME. "
" I LEAVE BEHIND
TWO THINGS; ONE IS THE HOLY QURAN & THE OTHER ARE MY DESCENDANTS. HOLD FAST
TO THEM BOTH, THEN YOU WILL NOT GO ASTRAY. "
" NOBODY KNOWS ALLAH EXCEPT I & ALI.
" NOBODY KNOWS ME EXCEPT
ALLAH & ALI. "
KNOWS ALI EXCEPT ALLAH & I. "
Every God-fearing, pious, good Muslim knows ALI, the VALI-ALLAH. In
every Dargah, Masjid, Namaz, Dua, Prayers, Majlis even in every step of life Ali
is acknowledge as the Surtaj-e-Aula. Ali's benevolent powers are known &
exprienced even today by those who love him & they will continue to be felt
till the end of time. All SYED in this world are the ofspring of Imam ALI
There were many phases
of Ali & no man ever knew him well. Ali, the friend of Allah, does what
pleases God & God grants what pleases Ali.